teen health

Teen Health and Wellness
The health of teen is essential to their growth. Teenagers experience many health issues that relate to their age and exploration. The health issues that teenagers have include unintentional injuries that cause deaths or disabilities, and involvement in violent activities like gangs and interpersonal aggressiveness that also affects their physical health. Unprotected sex among teenagers affects their mental and physical health. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 2.1 million teenagers are living with HIV that they have contracted through risky sexual activities. Similarly, children born of teenage mothers usually contract the virus due to the naivety of young parents. Both instances affect the health of teenagers. Additionally, mental illnesses like depression are dominant in teenagers, and it causes effects like suicide, which is the second leading cause of death among adolescents. Open communication between teenagers and their families and relatives is vital to ensuring that they are mentally healthy. Observation of both the physical and emotional health of teenagers is essential to their growth.
Teen Wellness involves the process of making healthy choices in all areas of their lives. Wellness is vital in teenagers because it helps them to promote their well-being and feel comfortable in their lives, which enables them to attain their goals. It is essential to consider all the teenage wellness dimensions, which include emotional, environmental, physical, and social. The emotional wellness of teenagers involves understanding their feelings, accepting them, and coping in healthy ways like maintaining satisfying relationships. Environmental wellness is evident for teenagers in ensuring that their surroundings are positive, stable, and safe, for instance, having a clean room. Social and physical teenage wellness involves the creation of a connection to other people, having a sense of belonging and support, and the process of taking care of one’s body through physical activity, healthy eating, and getting adequate rest, respectively. Teenagers maintain their health care study guide wellness through guidance on how the dimensions interact with each other to maintain their well-being.
It is arguably true that adolescence is one of the most significant stages of life. During this stage the body experiences great changes as one transition into adulthood. Also the ability to think independently is developed during this particular stage. Going in line with this, understanding teen health is very important as it helps in the proper management of this whole process. Owing to the fact that many of teens are under the care of their parents, most of them live a healthy life. It is however worth to note that there is a sizeable number that face health challenges

Factors Affecting Health Among Teenagers
Adolescent health can be defined as the approaches incorporated to prevent, detect, or treat teenager’s wellbeing and health. These approaches are necessitated by various health risks among teenagers. They include alcohol and drugs, violence, and early pregnancy and childbirth.
Drugs and alcohol abuse among teenagers is a problematic issue in many countries. Teenagers between the ages of 15 and 19 are increasingly getting involved in the vice (“Adolescents: health risks and solutions”). There are various effects of drug and alcohol abuse. They include indulgence in risky behaviors such as unsafe sex, which may lead to the transmission of STDs, injuries to the body, and premature deaths. Other long-term effects of drug and alcohol abuse among teenagers include hepatitis, mental illness, cancer, and heart or lung diseases (“Health Consequences of Drug Misuse”). Excessive use may further lead to addiction.
Interpersonal violence also presents itself as a factor affecting teenagers’ health. According to statistics, the third leading cause of death among teenagers in the world is interpersonal violence. In the WHO region, low-middle-income countries have interpersonal violence contributing to almost a third of the total adolescent male deaths (“Adolescents: health risks and solutions”, 2018). For adolescent females, almost one in every three 15-19-year-olds has been a victim of sexual, physical, or emotional violence. These acts of violence negatively impact the health of teenagers. Additionally, early pregnancy and childbirth implicate teenagers’ health. Among 15-19-year-olds, complications during pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death globally (“Adolescents: health risks and solutions”, 2018). Apart from death, other health risks associated with early pregnancy and childbirth include postpartum depression, higher risks of systematic infections, puerperal endometritis, and eclampsia. If a teenager chooses to carry out an abortion, the risks presented include maternal morbidity, mortality, and lasting health problems.
In conclusion, there are several factors affecting health among teenagers. Among them are alcohol and drugs, violence, and early pregnancy and childbirth. In an attempt to deal with health issues among teenagers, measures need to be put in place to control these factors.

References
Adolescents: health risks and solutions. (2018). Retrieved 30 April 2020, from Journals of Nursing https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescents-health-risks-and-solutions Owens, Sabrina M., Janani Sankara, and Shaila Serpas. “180. Reaching Students Where they Learn-A Model School-Based Health Clinic and How a Health Care Education Partnership Can Facilitate Investigations to Improve Teen Health.” Journal of Adolescent Health 66.2 (2020): S91-S92.
Health Consequences of Drug Misuse. (2018). Retrieved 30 April 2020, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/health-consequences-drug-misuse