Adolescent health involves the range of approaches to prevent, detect, and treat young people to maintain their health and well-being. The health of young people is complex, and it relies on comprehensive and bio-psychosocial approaches because their involvement in risky psychosocial behaviors causes the majority of adolescent health risks. The major challenge is that behaviors that adolescents engage in become part of their lifestyles in their adult life, and they can cause chronic health issues.
Adolescent explores risky behaviors that affect their health. The significant involvement at this age is in drugs and substance abuse, which they begin as a form of fun and experimenting. In most cases, individuals end up being addicted to drugs and are unable to resist even when they are adults. Consequently, they experience health problems like liver cirrhosis for alcoholics and brain damage for marijuana users. Additionally, adolescents perform sexual activities including oral and non-penetrative sex, sexual intercourse, and masturbation (Sieving et al. 277). The actions harm their health, especially when they ignore the use of protection during sexual exploration, and the results are sexually transmitted diseases like HIV. According to the World Health Organization’s article (5) health of adolescents is also affected by activities like masturbation, because their hygienic consideration is low, which has negative impacts on their health through aspects like bacterial infections in the genital areas. Mental health in adolescents is also essential as it influences their functioning at a satisfactory level of behavioral and emotional adjustment. Factors that affect adolescent mental health include cyber-bullying, body image disturbances, and the effects of drug and substance abuse. The behaviors affect the mental and physical health of adolescents.
There are ways to maintain adolescent health. The first is professional and peer counseling to inform them of the negative impacts of activities like drug and substance abuse to their health. Sexual education is also vital to maintaining the adolescents’ health in avoiding issues like STDs. Adolescent health is vital to their growth.
Sieving, Renee E., et al. “Youth–adult connectedness:: a key protective factor for adolescent health.” American journal of preventive medicine 52.3 (2017): S275-S278.
World Health Organization. Programme reporting standards for sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health. No. WHO/MCA/17.11. World Health Organization, 2017.